Cause of poverty in Cambodia year 2012. Cambodia is one of the countries that have many natural resources which located in almost every place I Cambodia territory. Natural resource and bring Cambodia to be the developed country or rich country in the world.
When one country become the developed country, people the society or in the country will not meet poverty or any difficulties. Although Cambodia has many natural resources, Cambodia still the poor country in the world. According to the UNDP, Human Development Index Report in 2009; Cambodia ranks 137th out of 182 countries over the world. This show that Cambodia still meet some problem to develop itself to be the developing country. What are the cause the poverty in Cambodia? There are five reasons which are Low education, Population growth, Political instability and Corruption, low investment cause poverty in Cambodia.
First of the reason why poverty happens in Cambodia is Low education. Education in Cambodia is the low one because of some factors: not having enough teacher, school; especially in rural area and other wise some family is poor, they are an inability to afford school fee for their children, so they let their children go to work out side for supporting their living. It is the main cause that made children cannot go to school, and poverty remains with the children of the poor to take time off from work for their education. As we know education plays an important role to make human resource. Any country that has strong human resource; then, that country will be a developing country. When we look to Japan, we see that strong human resource bring Japan to become the developed country and the economic giant country. Cambodia’s quality of education is still low. Teachers whose duties are to educate and offer effective instruction have low salaries and are seen as not trying their best to fulfilling their tasks responsibly (The Cambodia Herald, 2012). According to the UNDP’s Human Development 2004 Index Report, shown that:
“The Cambodian education index was 0.66, the second lowest after Lao
among ASEAN nations.1The adult literacy rate (for age 15 and above) was 69.4% in 2002 compared with 90.3% for the East Asia/Pacific region. Combined gross enrolment for primary, secondary and tertiary schools was 59%, the same in Laos. Female adult literacy and female (UNDP,2004)”.
This is the first reason which causes Cambodia become poverty country. Indeed, next paragraph will show you the next cause that Cambodia meet.
The second reason that brings Cambodia become poor country is high Population Growth which refers to the number of population that increases by time to time. The higher population growths contribute to poverty. The cause is that the populations of Cambodia grow much faster than those of the developed. The increasing number of population will need much food, settlement, security and some personal need so the government will face the problem that needs to spend much money and land to develop the living place. Moreover, high population growth needs health care service, works or labor for those people. According to IFAD, 2007 show that “The pressures of a fast-growing population contribute to poverty because of a lack of education and skills training, people have inadequate employment opportunities and low capabilities. They are insecure, excluded and vulnerable. They have limited access to natural resources. Poor health, lack of education, poor infrastructure and low productivity lead to deeper poverty. The cycle of poverty, ill health and high health care expenditure cripples poor Cambodian families economically”.
The last cause that I will mention in this paper is about other factors which refer to political stability, war, natural disaster. These problems always happen with no schedule and cause very harmful to the country. As we know, political stability causes many difficulties to Cambodia poverty. Political instability discourages foreign investment and encourages the flight of domestic capital. Similarly, less investment means less economic activities and economic growth. The political stability sometimes causes to war between civilian which call the civil war. Every country that has war always destroy every thing. Civil war is the root problems that cause a lot of people died; many children become orphans; destroy many building and many people become homeless and disable. Base on ARADMIN, 2012 in instability and hunger Cambodia told that the toll of three decades of war had ravaged the country, and many cities and villages were completely destroyed, creating a massive lack of jobs. Also, war makes thousands of Cambodian become instability. According to the ARAMIN, 2012 said that:
“More than 40,000 Cambodians have suffered amputations as a result of mine injuries since 1979. That represents an average of nearly forty victims a week for a period of twenty years. The Cambodian Mine Action Center (CMAC) estimates that there may be as many as four to six million mines and unexploded ordinances in Cambodia. At the current rate of progress, it may take as many as 100 years to clear all the mines in Cambodia. (ARAMIN, 2012)”
As you see civil war cause very harmful to Cambodia. And another factor is a natural disaster. The natural disaster destroys many products, crop and causes harm to people. Disaster makes people move one place to other place and sometimes kill people too. As you see flood always happen in Cambodia. As an example took from Rainstorms hit Battambang Province in 11th of May 2012 announced that an estimated 116 families in 7 villages were reported affected by the rainstorm in Preytralach commune. Among all the destroyed 20 houses were fully destroy and a few people were killed. So it is shown that natural disaster destroys many things that effect to daily activities of people. Every natural disaster happened, much of money must pay out from the government to support people’s life.
In conclusion, three main causes above low education, high population growth, and other factors really cause harm to Cambodia that fall to meet poverty so Cambodians must focus on solving the problems that are keeping people or victim from danger. Cambodia’s government must also provide more non-agricultural job opportunities, full health care service to people, especially government must focus on education system because education is the main role to create the human resource in the country. Moreover, Cambodia should propose to people to prevent their environment such as stop cutting the tree and destroy what government warns. The tree can prevent Cambodia from natural disaster. Last but not lease, Cambodia leader should think about a general situation in the county, stop fighting each other and help each other to bring Cambodia to developed countries.
Cambodia for the present is more develop, peaceful and everything is getting better