Save the Children Fund, a charitable organization working for the benefit of children worldwide. It was set up in 1919 by Eglantyne Jebb, a British woman, to help Austrian children left destitute after World War I. Its campaign raised the equivalent of £8 million, and in 1921 the organization turned its attentions to suffering children in the current famine in Russia. By 1931 its campaigns had reached Africa, and projects continued in Europe.
Save the Children broke new ground which helped to shape later development agencies in its use of advertising to gain a high public profile; its undertaking of independent research to provide accurate data; and its concentration on the needs of children, irrespective of their race, nationality, or religion. In addition, Save the Children attempts to give children the means to care for themselves providing long-term projects as well as emergency aid work.
In 1924 Jebb’s draft of the declaration of children’s rights was adopted by the League of Nations, and in 1989 it became the basis for the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. By the beginning of the 21st century Save the Children was working in 70 countries in projects ranging from famine relief and building refugee villages to tackling discrimination and youth unemployment. See also Child Welfare.